SAFETY One of our first steps in getting ready to make candles is to ensure that you have a safe working environment. Have a fire extinguisher handy and know how to use it! Never use water to douse a wax/fragrance fire. Use your fire extinguisher or smother the fire. Remove any unecessary items from your counter to give yourself plenty of workspace. Remember to keep children and pets away from your work area as you will be dealing with potential hazardous materials.

- The next step and a very important one is to gather all your materials in one area. Plan what you are making and make sure you have everything you need at hand. There is nothing worse than having to run and get more wicks when your wax has already melted and is cooling down! It is similar to cooking - we will be following a recipe and should have all our ingredients ready. And remember you should never leave wax on your stove unattended.

- I tend to cover my work surface with parchment paper. It keeps my counter tops free of wax and if I spill all I need do is wait for the wax to cool then peel it off and use it again. I've tried wax paper, but I find it too thin and the wax on the paper melts when it comes in contact with hot wax!. 

WAX: I often use any leftovers I have to make tarts. The best wax is votive/pillar (4794, 4625, 1274, 1286) but even container wax can be used. (Except for the 4627 one pour as it won't come out of your molds.) You can even use veggie wax - although soy does often crumble when trying to get the tarts out of the mold.

- Melt your wax in a double boiler. The type of wax you use can vary. You want it to have a low melting point so that it will turn molten in the tart burner.

In this picture I am using a dutch oven pot as the base. I got this at a dollar store. Don't use your good pots and pans as they tend to get rather messy - sometimes collecting wax which may have dripped down the side of your pot when you put it back in for re-melting.)

- Here I am using a melting pot which is capable of holding 4 pounds of wax (I seldom put more than 3 pounds in and often use a smaller pot for pouring when making votives - I find it easier to handle). We sell both the 4lb and the 1lb here.

- The reason we melt our wax in a double boiler is so we can control the temperature the wax reaches. Boiling water never can exceed 212F, whereas if you put the melting pot directly on a stove burner, you can reach much higher temperatures and potentially reach your flash points (the point at which your wax could spontaneously combust). Most wax melts between 130F and 180F. An optimal pour temperature for votives is 175-180F.

- You will find that the water in your double boiler won't actually boil until the wax is nearly melted. Be careful not to let the larger pot boil dry. And if you have left over water - do not pour it down the sink! Any wax that is left in the pot may clog your drain when it cools. Never pour excess wax down the drain - it may look like liquid now but when it melts your drains will have a thick coating which could be very costly to remove!

- Place a metal ring under your melting pot so it is not in direct contact with the base of the larger pot.

- It is recommended that you thoroughly melt your dye chip separately from your wax. When just popping it into your wax, it may not melt completely and could leave some residue in the bottom of your melting pot which could end up in a candle. (Experiment - as to be truthful I have often skipped this stage).

- We recommend 1 dye chip per 1 pound of wax, however, It is up to you to find the right blend. You may even want to mix two different colours together (Blue + Yellow should give you Green).

- I am using my 1lb melting pot here as I will put it on my scales and then pour one pound of wax into it from my larger melting pot - which has three pounds in it. This way I can make three different types of votives or tealights today. Just be careful when handling hot wax.
- You can test your colour by putting a few drops of your melted wax onto some wax/parchment paper. Let it dry a few moments and you will get a sample of the result. Please note that when working with "Fuschia" from our dye chip collection - looks are deceiving. It may look like "barely there pink", but when it cools completely you may be looking at a "hot raspberry"!.
- Add the fragrance when you are ready - that is when you have added your dye and your wax is at its optimum pouring temperature.

- Here I am pouring in a pre-measured amount of scent - usually about 1oz per 1pound of wax depending on the results I want.

- Note that the picture shows the melting pot on a burner - the burner is NOT on! Always remove the pot from the heat source when pouring your fragrance.
- After adding your dye and scent (or any other additives), make sure you give your wax a good stir.
- Now you are ready to pour your wax! Make sure you have no distractions at this point as you'll need a steady hand and concentration. Remember you are dealing with wax at about 170F.

- I have used a mini muffin pan here. These tarts are still molten in the middle.

- This is the first of two pours. Fill to just below your final fill line. In this picture I am using a vegetable wax that only needs one pour for a smooth top. If you want a really flat top you may want a second pour.


- When the mold no longer feels warm, it is probably time to remove the candles from the mold.

- If you are having difficulty put the molds in the fridge for about 10 minutes.

- If the tart still doesn't pop out, give the mold a little tap.
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